Orthodontics, also known as orthodontics, is a specialization of dentistry which deals particularly with the diagnosis, treatment, and control of misaligned jaws and malpositioned teeth, and other misalignment facial features. It also takes care of correcting facial growth, called facial orthopedics. It has become one of the major areas of medical practice owing to the success achieved in treating conditions such as the face and jaw alignment problems, snoring, mouth breathing, among others. Orthodontics also provides treatment for conditions such as excessive fat deposition and formation of bone spurs.
In most cases, orthodontics treatment is required for minor conditions treated at home or in the dental office. More severe cases may require placement of braces and other appliances in order to be corrected. Often, an orthodontist will make use of more than one type of orthodontic treatment during the course of a treatment plan to keep the patient's jaw bone healthy. One of the most common types of orthodontic treatment used in adults is the straightening of the teeth. This is usually a two step process, where the orthodontist would first take out some of the loose tissue that causes the crookedness and then straighten the teeth using braces.
Some problems that are commonly seen in adults requiring orthodontic treatment include jaw abnormalities, such as underbite or overbite, jaw deformities, such as in the case of congenital bone growth in the jaws or other structural abnormalities, such as of the jaw joint. Teeth loss as a result of jaw disease, injury, infection and gum disease are also common in adults needing orthodontic treatment. These conditions can be corrected through orthodontic treatments.
The most common orthodontic treatment for adults involves braces, which are custom-made appliances that fit firmly into the jaws to correct any misalignment issues. These corrective devices have different kinds of braces available, depending on the underlying cause of the problem. Braces are placed on the front teeth, behind each molar, on either side of the alveolar bone. Braces are designed to correct malocclusion, or misalignment of the teeth. They are typically used on children, but they are sometimes used on adults too, due to their effectiveness. Orthodontists can also reshape the lower teeth and align the jawbone through orthodontics treatment, through the use of appliances called mandibular Advancement Devices.
An additional common type of orthodontic treatment used for adults is the bite positioning adjuster. This device, which looks like a mouth guard, has an adjustable bracket that allows you to change the way your teeth are positioned so they will look more normal. In this way, it improves the alignment of your teeth and the way they look aesthetically. Mandibular positioning devices can also correct your bite, which will make it easier for you to eat and speak normally.
An orthodontist can provide orthodontics treatment for anyone of any age. You do not need to be a child to get orthodontic work done, although most orthodontists consider people who are in their twenties to be older. Your primary orthodontist is the best person to schedule orthodontics treatment, as he or she knows the best ways to correct the problems with your teeth so you will look your best with these devices in place. However, there are many other specialists who can perform orthodontic work on your behalf. You should always get a referral from your primary orthodontist whenever possible, as this will ensure that you get the best care possible. Check out also about orthodontic horror stories!
Learn more at https://www.britannica.com/science/orthodontics